Centos用yum安装的nginx相关配置

使用 yum install nginx 安装的 nginx 服务器,配置文件路径:

  • html 目录默认路径: /usr/share/nginx/html
  • 默认 nginx.conf 路径: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
  • vhost 配置目录:/etc/nginx/conf.d

现在开始普及 docker 之后,基本上 nginx 就是专门用来做转发配置了。

nginx常用指令:

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# 启动
systemctl start nginx

# 开机启动d
systemctl enable nginx

# reload
systemctl reload nginx

# 状态
systemctl status nginx

示例 proxy.conf :

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server {
listen 80;
server_name example.com;

#如果需要http 301跳转到 https 需要将下面行前面的 # 注释去掉,并重载nginx
#return 301 https://$host$request_uri;

location / {
proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8000;
proxy_http_version 1.1;
proxy_cache_bypass $http_upgrade;
proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
proxy_set_header Host $host;
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $host;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Port $server_port;
}

access_log off;
}
server {
listen 443 ssl http2;
server_name example.com;

ssl_certificate /root/ssl/Nginx/1_example.com_bundle.crt;
ssl_certificate_key /root/ssl/Nginx/2_example.com.key;
ssl_session_timeout 5m;
ssl_protocols TLSv1 TLSv1.1 TLSv1.2 TLSv1.3;
ssl_prefer_server_ciphers on;
ssl_ciphers "TLS13-AES-256-GCM-SHA384:TLS13-CHACHA20-POLY1305-SHA256:TLS13-AES-128-GCM-SHA256:TLS13-AES-128-CCM-8-SHA256:TLS13-AES-128-CCM-SHA256:EECDH+CHACHA20:EECDH+CHACHA20-draft:EECDH+AES128:RSA+AES128:EECDH+AES256:RSA+AES256:EECDH+3DES:RSA+3DES:!MD5";
ssl_session_cache builtin:1000 shared:SSL:10m;

location / {
proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8009;
proxy_http_version 1.1;
proxy_cache_bypass $http_upgrade;
proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
proxy_set_header Host $host;
proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Proto $scheme;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $host;
proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Port $server_port;
}

access_log off;
}